| Gábor Ágoston

Gábor Ágoston


Associate Professor of Ottoman and Middle Eastern History


Georgetown University


Gábor Ágoston was born and educated in Hungary. He earned his M.A. and University Doctorate (Doctor universitatis) from the University of Budapest (ELTE) and his Ph.D. from the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Between 1985 and 1998 he taught Hungarian, Ottoman and Balkan history at the Universities of Budapest and Pecs (JPTE), Hungary. Since 1998 he has been a faculty member of Georgetown’s History Department, where he teaches courses on Ottoman and Middle Eastern history, the Balkans and the Black Sea. In 2003 he was Gastprofessor at the Institute of History, University of Vienna, Austria. His field of research includes Ottoman military, economic and social history from the fifteenth through the late eighteenth centuries, early modern Hungarian history, and the comparative study of the Ottoman and Habsburg empires. His latest book, Guns of the Sultan: Military Power and the Weapons Industry in the Ottoman Empire (Cambridge University Press, 2005; paperback edition, 2009; Turkish- and German-language editions, 2006 and 2009) challenges the sweeping generalizations of Eurocentric and Orientalist scholarship regarding Ottoman and Islamic societies. In addition to four Hungarian-language books, he has published more than fifty scholarly articles and book chapters in English, Hungarian, Turkish, German, French and Italian on Ottoman, European and Hungarian history.

Selected Publications


Guns for the Sultan: Military Power and the Weapons Industry in the Ottoman Empire. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2005.

and Bruce Masters, ed. Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. New York: Facts On File, 2009.

Articles in Journals

Gabor Agoston. "The Image of the Ottomans in Hungarian Historiography." Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 61.1-2 (2008): 15-26.

"A Flexible Empire: Authority and its Limits on the Ottoman Frontiers." International Journal of Turkish Studies 9.1-2 (2003): 15-31.

"Merces Prohibitae: The Anglo-Ottoman Trade in War Materials and the Dependence Theory." Oriente Moderno 20.1 (2001): 177-192.

"Habsburgs and Ottomans: Defense, Military Change and Shifts in Power." The Turkish Studies Association Bulletin 22.1 (1998): 126-141.

"Karamania, the Anti-Ottoman Christian Diplomacy and the Non-Existing Hungarian-Karamanid Diplomatic Relations of 1428." Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 48.3 (1995): 267-274.

"Ottoman Artillery and European Military Technology in the Fifteenth to Seventeenth Centuries." Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 47.1-2 (1994): 15-48.

"Gunpowder for the Sultan’s Army: New Sources on the Supply of Gunpowder to the Ottoman Army in the Hungarian Campaigns of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries." Turcica 25 (1993): 75-96.

"Muslim Cultural Enclaves in Hungary under Ottoman Rule." Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 44.2-3 (1991): 181-204.

Articles in books

"Empires and warfare in East-Central Europe, 1550-1750 : the Ottoman-Habsburg rivalry and military transformation." European Warfare, 1350-1750. Ed. Frank Tallett and D. J. B. Trim. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

"The Ottoman Challenge: The Conquest of Constantinople and Military Expansion in Europe, 1350-1550s." The Medieval World at War. Ed. Matthew Benneth . New York: Thames & Hudson, 2009.

"Where environmental and frontier studies meet: rivers, forests and fortifications along the Ottoman-Habsburg frontier in Hungary." Ottoman Frontiers. Ed. A.C.S. Peacock. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

"János Hunyadi: Hungarian National Hero who Defeated the Turks." Great Military Leaders and Their Campaigns. Ed. Jeremy Black. London: Thames & Hudson, 2008.

"Information, Ideology, and Limits of Imperial Policy: Ottoman Grand Strategy in the Context of Ottoman-Habsburg Rivalry." The Early Modern Ottomans: Remapping the Empire. Ed. Virginia H. Aksan and Daniel Goffman. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

"Ottoman artillery and European military technology in the 15th and 17th centuries." Warfare in Early Modern Europe 1450–1660. Ed. Paul E.J. Hammer. Aldershot, England ; Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2007.

"Disjointed Historiography and Islamic Military Technology: The European Milirtary Revolution Debate and the Ottomans." Essays in Honour of Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu. Ed. Mustafa Kaçar and Zeynep Durukal . Istanbul: IRCICA, 2006.

"’The Most Powerful Empire’: Ottoman Flexibility and Military Might." Empires and Superpowers: Their Rise and Fall. Ed. George Zimmar and David Hicks . Washington, DC: Society for the Preservation of the Greek Heritage, 2005.

"Behind the Turkish War Machine: Gunpowder Technology and War Industry in the Ottoman Empire, 1450-1700." The Heirs of Archimedes: Science and the Art of War through the Age of Enlightenment. Ed. Brett Steele and Tamera Dorland. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2005.

"Ideologie, Propaganda und politischer Pragmatismus. Die Auseinandersetzung der osmanischen und habsburgischen Großmächte und die mitteleuropäische Konfrontation." Kaiser Ferdinand I. - Ein mitteleuropäischer Herrscher. Ed. Martina Fuchs, Teréz Oborni, and Gábor Újváry. Münster: Aschendorff Verlag, 2005.

"The population of Hungary in the Turkish period, Migration and stability,Coexistence of ethnic groups." A Concise History of Hungary. Ed. István György Tóth. Budapest: Corvina and Osiris, 2005.

"The organization and structure of Ottoman Hungary, Ottoman administration in Hungary, Ottoman taxation, The condominium." A Concise History of Hungary. Ed. István György Tóth. Budapest: Corvina and Osiris, 2005.

"Coexisting cultures in Ottoman Hungary, Jewish religious and cultural life in Ottoman Hungary, Muslim culture in an occupied land, Dervishes and their orders, Muslim libraries in Hungary." A Concise History of Hungary. Ed. István György Tóth . Budapest: Corvina and Osiris, 2005.

"Early Modern Ottoman and European Gunpowder Technology." Multicultural Science in the Ottoman Empire. Ed. Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, Kostas Chatzis and Efthymios Nicolaidis. Turnhout: Brepols, 2003.

"Ottoman Conquest and the Ottoman Military Frontier in Hungary." A Millennium of Hungarian Military History. Ed. Béla Király and László Veszprémy. Boulder, Co.: Atlantic Research and Publications, 2002.

"Politics and Historiography: The Development of Turkish and Balkan Studies in Hungary and the Hungarian Research Institute in Istanbul." The Turks, vol. 4.. Ed. Hasan Celal Guzel, C.Cem Oguz, Osman Karatay. Ankara: Yeni Turkiye Publication, 2002.

"The Costs of the Ottoman Fortress-System in Hungary in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries." Ottomans, Hungarians and Habsburgs in Central Europe. The Military Confines in the Era of Ottoman Conquest. Ed. Géza Dávid and Pál Fodor . Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2000.

"The Ottoman-Habsburg Frontier in Hungary (1541-1699): a Comparison." The Great Ottoman, Turkish Civilization, vol 1. Politics. Ed. Güler Eren, Ercüment Kuran, Nejat Göyünç, Ilber Ortayli and Kemal Çiçek. Ankara: Yeni Türkiye, 2000.


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